Cold is a common infection in Nigeria, especially during harmattan.
Although, this may be normal for most people, a pregnant woman would have to be extra careful. Why? Simply because dealing with any illness during pregnancy is quite complicated. Whatever happens to a mum-to-be affects both her and the baby.
During pregnancy, your immune system becomes weaker in order to accommodate the growing baby. However, this leaves you prone to certain bacterial and viral infections including cold.
Common cold is caused by a type of virus known as a rhinovirus.
Sadly, it is easily passed from one person to another. Furthermore, there are more than 200 other viruses responsible for cold, making it so common in our communites.
In this article, you’d find the major symptoms of cold, home-based remedies and simple tips to avoid common cold during pregnancy. Furthemore, we’d supply you with a few insights on the right time to contact your doctor when the cold is persisitent.
Symptoms Of A Cold During Pregnancy
Common symptoms of cold during pregnancy include:
- Sore throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Dry cough
Remedies For Cold During Pregnancy
Not all drugs are safe to use during pregnancy. As a result of this, you must consult your doctor before taking any medication as a pregnant woman.
Nevertheless, we have compiled these home-based remedies to help you tackle common cold without visiting the hospital:
Actually, your body may be stressed out and in need of rest. This may be why your immune system cannot fight the cold.
Whenever you notice a runny nose or continous sneezing, try to get enough rest.
2. Stay Hydrated.
Sneezes, fever, and a runny nose causes the body to lose fluids. Drink a lot of water to stay hydrated. Warm beverages, chicken peppersoup, water, juice, hot ginger tea, are highly recommended.
3. Be Active
Don’t allow the cold weigh you down. If you don’t have fever and you’re not coughing, you can do some light pregnancy-safe exercise.
It may help you feel better.
4. Eat Well
Maintaining a good, healthy diet can help relieve your cold symptoms. You may not have the appetite to eat, but when you can, ensure your diet is healthy.
5. Take More Vitamin C and Zinc.
Vitamin C and zinc helps to boost your immune system. Citrus fruits like oranges and tangerines, as well as mangoes, tomatoes, strawberries are rich sources of vitamin C.
You can get zinc from foods such as turkey, beef, eggs, yoghurt, etc. You can also take supplements.
6. Prenatal Supplements
You can also take prenatal vitamin supplements which contains vitamin C and zinc. Just ensure you are not taking other supplements aside from what your doctor recommended for you. Please do not exceed the recommended daily dose (RDA) and avoid vitamin A supplements in first trimester.
7. Saltwater Gargle
Gargling with warm salt water can help to ease a sore or scratchy throat.
Eating honey is good to help relieve cold symptoms. You can eat the honey directly or mix in hot water with lemon.
9. Moisturize Your Air.
Breathing warm, humid air helps to relieve congestion. Steaming with hot water will also help. Try running hit water from your shower or bath and close all the windows and doors. The cool mist will also do you good. If neither of these are feasible there are humidifiers in sale in the stores.
10. Nasal Drops
Saline nasal drops and sprays are effective for loosening nasal mucus and soothing swollen nasal tissue.
How To Reduce The Risk:
To reduce your risk of getting sick during pregnancy, you should:
- Maintain a healthy diet.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
- Get adequate sleep.
- Avoid getting stressed.
- Exercise regularly.
- Avoid close contact with sick family or friends.
When To See A Doctor:
After following all the guidenelines above, and the cold is still persistent, you should see a doctor. Also, if the cold is associated with any of these symptoms, you should see a doctor:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest pain
- High fever
- Loss of appetite
- Severe vomiting
- Reduced sleep
- Coughing out greenish or yellow mucus
- Vaginal bleeding
- Decreased foetal movement
- Cold symptoms lasting longer than 10 to 14 days
- Aida Erebara, Pina Bozzo, Adrienne Einarson, and Gideon Koren (2008). “Treating the common cold during pregnancy.” The College of Family Physicians of Canada. Accessed on 10th October, 2020 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2377219/#__ffn_sectitle
- Lora Sabin, Evan M. S. Hecht, Mohamad I. Brooks, Mrigendra P. Singh, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Abanish Rizal, Blair J. Wylie, Philip A. Bondzie, Matthew Banos, Jordan Tuchman, Neeru Singh and Davidson H. Hamer (2018). “Prevention and treatment of malaria in pregnancy: what do pregnant women and health care workers in East India know and do about it?” Malaria Journal. Accessed on 10th October, 2020 from https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12936-018-2339-9#citeas
- Leqian Guo, Doudou Zhao, Ruo Zhang, Shanshan Li, Rong Liu, Hongli Wang, Shaonong Dang, and Hong Yan (2019). “A Matched Case-Control Study on the Association Between Colds, Depressive Symptoms during Pregnancy and Congenital Heart Disease in Northwestern China.” Science Rep. Accessed on 15th October, 2020 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6345882/#__ffn_sectitle